Temporomandibular Joint

First of all, “What is the temporomandibular joint?” ought to be spoke back. The query is vital before the next steps. The temporomandibular joint is located on either facet of the face, just in front of the ears. It can be abbreviated as TMJ. Its characteristic is to attach the decrease jawbone to the skull. It enables with moves including chewing and speaking.

There is soreness associated with the temporomandibular joint. Its call is a “Temporomandibular joint sickness”. It refers to disorder due to any reason visible in TMJ. TMJ and TMD may be burdened evidently.

TMD occurs when the muscle groups and ligaments across the jaw joints come to be inflamed. In some cases, it is able to seem insignificant, at the same time as in other instances it may have extreme consequences.

Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

TMJ sickness can arise due to harm to the jaw joints or surrounding tissues. The principal reasons of TMD are:

  • Teeth grinding,
  • Arthritis,
  • Stress,
  • Acute trauma,
  • A chunk that forces the jawbone.

How Is TMD Diagnosed?

TMJ ailment is commonly recognized in the course of a dental exam. While the motion of the mouth is checked, the face and chin are also pressed to identify the tricky area. X-rays can be taken to view the jaw joints and decide the volume of the damage. By the usage of panoramic X-rays, a complete exam of the teeth, jawbone, and TMJ may be carried out.

Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) offers a couple of pics of the enamel, jaw, and facial bones. It is likewise feasible to make these pictures 3-D.

In some instances, it’s miles essential to view the smooth tissues within the jaw joints. Here, magnetic resonance (MR) comes into play. All these methods provide the physician a risk to study the TMJ in detail.

How Is TMD Treated?

TMD treatments variety from easy self-care practices to conventional remedies, from injections to open surgical operation. Surgeons frequently want to start with non-surgical remedies and like surgical operation as a final motel.

If open joint surgery is to be carried out, the affected person is given popular anesthesia. Open surgery is a traditional procedure that involves a protracted incision. It is desired in cases in which the bony structures forming the jaw joint are broken, tumors in or across the TMJ, or critical harm to the joint.


TMD surgery may be considered if all other treatment options have been applied and have not been successful.


Even if TMJ disorder is not life-threatening, it can cause severe pain and psychological disorders if left untreated.


Treatment planned by an orthodontist can significantly alleviate TMD symptoms.